CaptionPalestinians attempt to escape Israeli tear gas during clashes. A month earlier, Likud Party leader Ariel Sharon had visited Jerusalem holy sites, including Temple Mount, venerated by both Jews and Muslims. The visit sparked off a spiral of violence in Gaza and the West Bank. Palestinian casualties included large numbers of young men and boys. Palestinians accused Israelis of deliberately targeting children, while Israel countered that children were being sent to the front line to get international sympathy.