CaptionCrowds mourn the death of a family of five following a grenade attack in a village near Srinagar. The dispute between India and Pakistan over claims to the mountainous northern region of Kashmir has continued for more than 50 years, and has at least twice led to war between the two nuclear powers. The area is controlled by India, but has a 60 per cent Muslim majority. Since 1989, in addition to the demands of Delhi and Islamabad, several other separatist groups have pursued rival claims to the territory, and Muslim insurgency has been on the increase. Cross-border firing and separatist militancy have left a death toll running into tens of thousands. Towards the end of 2004, India and Pakistan appeared to reach some rapprochement over Pakistan, and tensions eased.
CaptionAn ox walks through streets ravaged by riots. In February, the city was the scene of some of the worst communal violence in India for a decade. In retaliation for an earlier Muslim attack on a train carrying mainly Hindu pilgrims, which left 58 dead, people rampaged through city streets setting fire to Muslim homes and businesses. Violence continued into May. Thousands fled their homes, and the official death toll was over 900, though estimates by human rights groups placed the figure much higher.