Organization / PublicationMagnum Photos for Libération
CategoryWorld Press Photo of the Year
PrizeWorld Press Photo of the Year
CaptionA mother carries her dead child to the grave, after wrapping it in a shroud according to local custom. A bad drought coupled with the effects of civil war caused a terrible famine in Somalia which claimed the lives of between one and two million people over a period of two years, more than 200 a day in the worst affected areas. The international airlift of relief supplies which started in July was hampered by heavily armed gangs of clansmen who looted food storage centers and slowed down the distribution of the supplies by aid organizations.
Organization / PublicationMagnum Photos for Audubon Magazine
CategoryOskar Barnack Award
CaptionThe Hadija-Nguru wetlands are in danger of drying up. Irrigation projects of successive governments may spell the end of the traditional life-style of these people, who are dependent on the river for their drinking water, their baths and their laundry. Virtually all rain falls in August and September. It allows fish to breed, cattle to graze and farmers to grow crops. Diverting water to irrigate desert margins elsewhere could turn these wetlands into a dust bowl.
CaptionMiguel cries out as nurses try to find a vein for a blood test. Lorie, a nurse, adopted the two sons: Miguel, who was born with Aids, came to live with her at ten months of age, and Ma, a crack addict from birth, was just six weeks old when he joined the family. They live life one day at a time, and though Miguel's battle with Aids is never quite forgotten, they have their daily routine like any other family.
CaptionA Somali boy runs toward an aid convoy that has just arrived in a village 25km outside Baidoa, the epicenter of the famine which hit Somalia harder than any other African country. A French legionnaire watches over the safe arrival of the supplies. Operation Restore Hope is a UN-endorsed American initiative aimed to ensure that international aid actually got through to the starving thousands. By the end of the year, however, the number of dead in Somalia was already estimated at more than a million.
CaptionChildren crowd around the body of a soldier suspected of murder and executed by firing squad. In an attempt to assert its authority in the face of systematic pillaging and random killings, the army had paraded the man through the streets before tying him up to be executed.
CaptionA group of civilians scramble for cover at a peace demonstration, as a Bosnian special forces soldier takes aim to return the fire of Serbian snipers who have taken up positions on the roof of a hotel. Several people were killed and dozens injured.
CaptionIn July and August, no civilian was safe in the streets. A sniper could be lurking around every corner, though it was not always clear which ethnic group was responsible for a particular act of violence. The city also came under attack from the surrounding hills. Shortages of water, food, medication and fuel made it hard to live normally even during lulls in the fighting. By the end of the year, more than 50,000 people were estimated to have died in the civil war in former Yugoslavia.
CaptionThe worst car bomb attack ever to hit Argentina claimed 28 lives and injured almost 200. A Ford pickup truck loaded with 130 pounds of explosives blew up outside the Israeli embassy, which was being renovated at the time. Responsibility for the assault was claimed by the pro-Iranian Islamic Jihad movement. They issued a statement saying it was 'a gift' to the family of former Hizbullah leader Sheik Abbas Musawi, who was killed by Israeli commandos in Lebanon in February. Abu Yasser, who placed the bomb, was among the casualties.
CaptionA man rushes off with a shopping cart full of diapers. The acquittal of four police officers whose assault on black motorist Rodney King was watched on TV by millions, sparked off mass looting and rioting. The disturbances claimed 58 lives and many buildings were destroyed by fire.
Organization / PublicationMagnum Photos for Libération
CaptionIn a tent reserved for the very sick, an emaciated woman touches the dead body of a member of her family. Famished people from the countryside congregated looking for food at a camp for displaced persons.
Organization / PublicationMagnum Photos for National Geographic
CaptionSteven Digwamaje (13), is hit in the back by a blast of bird shot. The accident happened when police intervened in a protest by Soweto's Dobsonville residents against people living in local hostels. An officer of South Africa's Internal Stability Unit stands guard until the ambulance arrives. The boy lost the use of one arm. Although apartheid has been officially abolished, violent clashes between different population groups continued to be part of the political pattern in South Africa.
CaptionTwo Somalis examine the wreckage of a piece of artillery. Because of looting by heavily armed gangs, the distribution of aid approved by the UN in July could not be adequately policed. This situation did not significantly improve until Operation Restore Hope got underway at the end of the year.
CaptionTrains linking South Africa's townships with central Johannesburg have frequently been targets for violent attacks. In 1992, 277 commuters were killed and more than 500 seriously injured. Some people were thrown onto the tracks; others jumped in panic as gunmen burst in, shooting indiscriminately or attacking travelers with knives and home-made weapons. Police and army do what they can to curb the violence and vast sums are being invested in bulletproof carriages and surveillance equipment.
CaptionA number of people died and dozens are injured at confrontations between heavily armed riot police and demonstrators. Pro-democracy demonstrations were violently crushed by Prime minister General Suchinda Kraprayoon, who blamed communist elements in a desperate attempt to hold on to power. Amid rumors of a military coup, Thailand's King Bhumibol personally took control of the situation. He promised constitutional change and general elections, and deposed General Suchinda.
CaptionUS Basketball hero Earvin 'Magic' Johnson sheds a few tears on the day he retires from the Los Angeles Lakers at the age of 32. In November 1991 he had told the world he was HIV-positive, but he returned to play for his country in the 'dream team', which took the gold medal at the Barcelona Olympic Games.
Organization / PublicationFrankfurter Allgemeine Magazin
CategoryPeople in the News
CaptionGuatemalan human rights activist and recipient of the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize, Rigoberta Menchú (33). On her many trips abroad Menchú tells her audiences about the discrimination and suppression of her people.
Organization / PublicationReportage Photos for Tempo
CategoryPeople in the News
CaptionAbimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path guerrilla movement, is kept in a cage after being taken prisoner. His guerrillas murdered thousands of people in the name of the proletarian revolution. Guzmán, a former philosophy professor, was sentenced to life imprisonment by a military tribunal.
CaptionOutside the dream. Child poverty in America: Parents quarrel in front of their children. Their hand-to-mouth existence makes a happy relationship hard to sustain. There are more than 12 million American children living in poverty.
CaptionBill Clinton makes a final telephone call before leaving. US presidential candidate Clinton's campaign had its ups and downs. After surviving accusations of adultery and dodging the draft, the Democratic candidate built up a 20 percent lead on his Republican rival, George Bush. But as D-day approached this dwindled to only 5 percent. On 3 November 1992, 100 million Americans - 54 percent of the total electorate - voted to put an end to 12 years of Republican rule. "The American people have voted to make a new beginning," said the president-elect to a jubilant election night crowd in his home state of Arkansas.
CaptionJackie Cohen, Tommy George and their new-born baby, victims of Hurricane Andrew which sowed death and destruction in the southern states. The mobile home park where the family lived was flattened by the hurricane, and daughter Kaitlynn spent the first weeks of her life amidst piles of rubble, rotting garbage and shattered dreams. In the aftermath of the disaster Jackie had to wash the baby with water from a jug, and Tommy carried a rifle to scare away looters. For a while, they lived in a tent within sight of their former home.
CaptionEvgeni Sadovyi takes the plunge for the 4200m free-style. He took home three gold medals and set two new world records. At the Summer Olympics the 'unified team' representing the CIS topped the results chart with 45 gold medals, eight more than the US, who came second.
CaptionAt the Tour de Suisse cycling race, a breakaway group of cyclists races down the mountain pass in the Swiss Alps at the start of the eighth stage of the event. The race was marked by bad weather conditions.
Organization / PublicationThe Sydney Morning Herald
CaptionStephen Dewick (16) launches himself into the water. Known for his lightning start, Dewick is one of Australia's most promising backstroke talents. His international career has so far been restricted to junior events.
CaptionA training center in Beijing's western district - one of 11 in the capital - has 600 pupils. The young athletes spend only two weeks a year at home with their parents; extra training sessions are scheduled during other school vacations. Doing stretching exercises, these gymnasts are between five and eight years old. Most children recruited for China's national sports training program come from rural backgrounds. At age four, they have to be able to run 30m in less than ten seconds and jump 80cm in order to qualify for one of the People's Republic's 3,000 'talent schools'.
CaptionValencia celebrates the arrival of spring with the Las Fallas festival. On March 18 flowers are offered to the Virgin Mary, and the following day is dedicated to San José. In the afternoon of the 19th the city center explodes in a riot of noise and smoke in all colors of the rainbow. The festival reaches its climax after dark, with firework displays and a gigantic bonfire in which the 'fallas', cardboard figures such as these lifelike horses, go up in smoke. Only the most beautiful figure is kept for posterity.
CaptionTo the electrifying throb of Soundgarden, a fan is lifted above the crowd. Lollapalooza '92 is a touring rock event featuring seven bands and lasting almost nine hours, evoking the great festivals of the Sixties and Seventies. On a hot July day some 30,000 music lovers from half a dozen states had made their way to the site. The best-known names appearing at Lollapalooza were the British Jesus and Mary Chain, rapper Ice Cube and the headlining Red Hot Chili Peppers.
CaptionDNA is extracted from centrifuged plasma. A growing understanding of genetics is revolutionizing modern medicine. New kinds of medication will have fewer side effects, and some researchers believe that 50 years from now there will be effective drugs to treat almost every known disease.
CaptionA model of a Tornado fighter plane is tested by simulating the electromagnetic pulse created by dropping a nuclear bomb at altitude. At an institute near Bonn various kinds of weapons are subjected to tests which establish their vulnerability to the deployment of nuclear bombs. Fraunhofer Society is the largest research organization in Europe with 47 institutes, 7,600 employees and a budget of more than DM 1 billion. This scientific think tank may be consulted by any German company, whatever its size. The areas on which Fraunhofer concentrates are aligned with the latest market developments; they range from robotics to solar energy and from TV screens to the new generation of computers.
CaptionFollowing similar expeditions on a smaller scale, French scientists and explorers joined forces in the Inlandsis expedition to Greenland. In a world of ice and snow undisturbed for centuries, the explorers entered deep shafts formed by subterranean rivulets of melting ice. By descending to a depth of 157m - a world record - expedition leader Janot Lamberton went some 2,000 years back in time. Samples taken at various levels provided information about the climate and pollution of different periods. The scientific research also included work on the ice-cap and under water at the foot of icebergs.
CaptionCormorants are used to catch fish. They launch themselves into the water like torpedoes and go straight for their prey, which they store in a patch of distensible skin in their neck. A piece of straw tied around the neck prevents them from swallowing their catch.
Organization / PublicationBios for World Wildlife Fund International
CaptionOnly 2,000 black rhinos survive in Africa, most of them in Zimbabwe. When other measures to curb poaching proved unsuccessful, the Zimbabwean government and the World Wildlife Fund decided to rob the animals of their most valuable asset: their horn, which is used as a potency booster, in medicine and as a personal ornament.
CaptionA woman who was exposed to radiation at the age of 14 with her disabled son. The long-term effects of nuclear tests held in Kazakhstan in the 1950s still affect the lives of those who were in the area at the time.
CaptionMore than 25,000 people earn a meager living producing charcoal. They cut down trees and bushes, which are turned into charcoal by burning them in clay ovens for three days. This charcoal is then transported to more than 100 steel mills, where it is used as fuel to produce crude iron. Federal reforestation laws are largely ignored. Brazil is one of the world's largest producers of charcoal, almost three-quarters of which comes from an area of virgin savannah twice as large as France, Italy and England put together. The charcoal workers live in poorly equipped campgrounds. The hard work, bad conditions and inhalation of toxic gases add up to an average life expectancy of only 55 years. In the ovens, in an airless atmosphere with temperatures between 500 and 600 degrees centigrade, four cubic meters of wood produce one cubic meter of charcoal. Each worker is responsible for 12 ovens.
PhotographerPhilippe Bourseiller & Jacques Durieux
Organization / PublicationGeo
CaptionThe Kawah Ijen volcano spews ten tons of sulfur into its crater every day. And every day about 100 men brave the toxic gases to dislodge the sulfur with iron bars, a piece of cloth in their mouths as their only protection. The sulfur is collected in baskets, which are carefully balanced on a bamboo rod. The baskets with sulfur are carried up the steep crater wall, and on to a village 37km away. Eighty percent of the sulfur, which is melted and re-solidified in sheets of 'yellow gold', is used for the bleaching of cane sugar.
CaptionAn elderly woman indignantly refuses to accept a gun held out to her. Fahme village has become a refuge for Palestinians accused of collaborating with the occupiers. Although Fahme is protected by the Israeli army, its inhabitants live in fear and face an uncertain future.
CaptionA woman examines a fish brought in the same morning. In winter, fish is caught by drilling holes in the ice and then lowering the bait on a line. Because food remains in short supply, many townspeople have given up their jobs in order to go hunting and fishing, both for their own consumption and to trade. The opening of Vladivostok to the outside world dramatically changed the atmosphere in the city. People have started importing second-hand consumer goods from Japan, and private enterprise thrives. The sidewalks have become a market-place for all kinds of merchandise.
Organization / PublicationMagnum Photos for The New York Times Magazine
CategoryDaily Life stories
CaptionA lone guerrilla enters the village at dusk. In January, the government of El Salvador and the FMLN guerrilla movement signed a treaty to end the 12-year civil war which killed 70,000 and caused one million - a fifth of the total population - to flee the country. It was agreed that the FMLN would become a political party. Shortly before the signing of the peace treaty the army moved into Chalatenango, traditionally an FMLN-controlled area. The rebels are now free to return to their homes and the FMLN is being reformed in preparation for the 1994 general election.
CaptionThe indigenous people of Cerro Rico use tools and techniques similar to those used by their ancestors. Cerro Rico, 'the rich mountain', in the Bolivian highlands, is like a rabbit warren. In Spanish colonial times this was a thriving city. At the time half of all silver ever mined originated from here, but the mountain is also the grave of millions of Quechua Indians. Their descendants still go down the mine shafts. They now look for tin, because most of the silver is long gone.
Organization / PublicationThe Philadelphia Inquirer
CategoryDaily Life stories
CaptionIn the late 1980s heroin addicts started to flood into Stella Street. They took over abandoned houses, turning many of them into 'shooting galleries', where customers could buy drugs which the dealer injected for an additional fee. The junkies washed in the street, using water from a nearby fire hydrant. The turning point came when the police raided the heroin haunts and arrested the tenants. Demolition of their houses started the same day.